Rhinoplasty - Nose surgery
Rhinoplasty - Nose surgery
Cosmetic and reconstructive nose surgery can improve not only the aesthetics of the nose shape, but can also improve breathing by correcting deformities of the septum. Cosmetic surgery can also have an impact on mental and physical health by improving self-esteem and self-confidence, thus alleviating depression. Changing the shape of the nose can change the entire facial expression. Nose surgery (a nose job) is one of the most challenging kinds of plastic surgery and is conducted under general anaesthesia.
Operations on the cartilaginous nasal area involve reshaping or sculpting the cartilage without involving the bony part of the nose. The operation is done through the nostrils, without creating any visible scars. The operation is completed by fixing the nose in a cast or splint and by putting special cotton plugs inside the nose.
Operations on the soft tissue and bone involve both cartilage and bone in such a way that certain dimensional proportions are kept to make the ideal aesthetic impression. The operation is done through the nostrils, without any visible scars. The operation is completed by fixing the nose in a cast or splint and by putting special cotton plugs inside the nose.
The operation does not require special preparation, but there must not be any recent skin irritation (such as acne) on the nose or face and the operation cannot be performed when there is inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane. Medications containing acetylsalicylic acid and other medications, which increase the risk of haemophilia (Aspirin, Acylpirin, Anopyrin, Brufén, etc.) are not to be administered for 3 weeks before the treatment. Nothing is to be eaten, drunk, or smoked from midnight of the day of the operation. The nose has to be carefully cleaned and the nose cavity rinsed.
Only corrections of the soft tissue are provided under local anaesthesia; complete nasal correction, including the nasal bone, is performed under general anaesthesia. The operation is performed via incisions in the nostrils. Soft tissue correction performed under local anaesthesia does not require hospitalisation, while the operation performed under general anaesthesia requires hospitalisation of 1 to 2 days.
Following the final stage of the operation, a small cast is affixed for 14 days. In addition, special lubricated plugs are inserted into the nostrils and are removed 2 days after the operation. When the plugs are inserted, breathing through the nose is impossible. 14 days later the cast is removed, but it has to be re-affixed for another 14 nights to prevent the shape of the nose from changing. Within 14 days the majority of bruising and swelling fades, although for about 1 to 6 months occasional swelling is possible, with a definite, stabilised result to be expected in half a year. 3 weeks later it is possible to start easing the skin on the dorsal side of the nose with massages according to the surgeon´s instructions.
nose, surgery, rhinoplasty
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